Landesamt für Denkmalpflege und Archäologie Sachsen-Anhalt
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Monuments of Industry and Technology

The Schlachthof (slaughterhouse), Magdeburg
The Schlachthof (slaughterhouse), Magdeburg: the former cattle-market hall, repair and re-purposing as a parking facility (© LDA Sachsen-Anhalt, Photo: R. Philipp)
Hermannschacht briquette factory, Zeitz
Hermannschacht briquette factory, Zeitz (© LDA Sachsen-Anhalt, Photo: R. Philipp)
Bridge over Tröbsdorfer Bach near Burgscheidungen
Bridge over Tröbsdorfer Bach near Burgscheidungen (© LDA Sachsen-Anhalt, Photo: R. Philipp)

Monuments of industry and technology are understood as being cultural monuments that were created in the course of technological and economic development and industrialisation. They include production and transport complexes, such as factory buildings, mines, smelting works, mills, granaries and utilities (waterworks, watertowers, and so on), air, road, rail and water transport installations, engineering works (bridges and other heavy load-bearing structures, pit-head towers, TV towers, etc.), irrigation and drainage systems, but also workers' accommodation and other records of social history. In addition, the list of movable monuments includes machines, technical equipment and transport vehicles.

The section for Monuments of Industry and Technology has the task of identifying, describing and evaluating these monuments and, once they have been added to the register of monuments, to provide expert supervision of them. Another important concern is the popularisation of industrial and engineering monuments among the general public and the development of appropriate strategies for maintenance, new uses, and ways of presenting them.

The evaluation of a site or object as of historic importance rests primarily on the question of whether it is historically either typical or unique, or is the first or last item in a technological development series, but it can also encompass sites and objects that illustrate past social structures or aspects of intellectual or cultural history.

The region of the present-day State of Saxony-Anhalt has for centuries been one of Germany's leading economic and technological centres. There is a correspondingly large legacy of industrial and engineering monuments, most strikingly in the region's traditional branches of trade and industry, such as salt and potash works (for example saltpans), mining in the Harz region and the copper seams, the central German brown coal industry, energy production, chemical industries or the production of machines and heavy machinery.